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Dr Vincent Gauci

Snr Lect in Earth Systems/Ecosystems Sci

The Open University Faculty of Science Department of Environment, Earth & Ecosystems

01908 858137
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Vincent's Personal Website
Vincent's Blog

Profile

I am an ecosystem ecologist and biogeochemist in the Department of Environment, Earth and Ecosystems and Senior Lecturer in Earth Systems and Ecosystem Science . I direct the NERC Methane Network 'MethaneNet' www.methanenet.org and I am PI and Co-PI on numerous grants funded via the NERC, Defra, The Royal Society as well as other sources.

Moidach More, Moray NE Scotland.  Photo by Vincent GauciI am interested in the biogeochemistry of terrestrial ecosystems with particular interest in terrestrial/atmosphere exchange of chemically and radiatively important gases.
 
My research interests within this area of ecosystem ecology are broad . These interests include the investigation of the effects of acid rain sulfate deposition on methane emissions from both natural and artificial wetlands (rice paddies), the role of woody wetland plants in mediating methane emissions from wetlands and the effects of fires and disturbance on fluvial carbon fluxes from forested tropical peat-swamp forest catchments in South-East Asia. Other interests include the effect of ancient atmospheric composition on wetland biogeochemistry and the effect of volcanic events on wetland ecosystem function.
 

Qualifications

PhD, Earth Sciences, The Open University 2000

BSc (Hons.) First Class, Environmental Science, The University of Brighton.

Teaching Interests

I have broad teaching interests in the Environmental Sciences. I am deputy module team Chair for  Ecosytems (S396) and module team member  for S288: Practical Science (where I teach 'planetary habitability') and on S216: Environmental Science, our cornerstone Environmental Science module where I teach, principaly on aspects of soil science, pollution and biogeochemistry.

Past module team membership includes S278 Earth's Physical Resources and U216: Environment

Research Interests

I am interested in the biogeochemistry of terrestrial ecosystems with particular interest in terrestrial/atmosphere exchange of chemically and radiatively important gases.

I have wide-ranging research interests within this broad area of ecosystem ecology. These interests include the investigation of the effects of acid rain sulfate deposition on methane emissions from both natural and artificial wetlands (rice paddies), the role of woody wetland plants in mediating methane emissions from wetlands and the effects of fires and disturbance on fluvial carbon fluxes from forested tropical peat-swamp forest catchments in South-East Asia. Other interests include the effect of ancient atmospheric composition on wetland biogeochemistry and the effect of volcanic events on wetland ecosystem function.

More on my CEPSAR website (link below)

http://cepsar.open.ac.uk/pers/v.gauci/

Current Research Projects

  • Regional Integration of CH4 Emissions Studies (RICHES) (NERC)
  • CH4 emission pathways from woody wetlands (NERC)
  • Pollution impacts on rice CH4 emissions
  • Peatlands biogeochemistry under ancient atmopheres.
  • Member of the NCEAS "Synthesizing CH4 Emissions" Working Group

Publications

Conference Item
Pangala, S. R.; Hornibrook, E. R.; Gowing, D. J.; Bastviken, D.; Enrich-Prast, A. and Gauci, V. (2013). Methane emissions from woody stems of tropical and temperate wetland trees. In: AGU Fall Meeting, 9-13 Dec 2010, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Moore, S.; Gauci, V.; Evans, C. and Page, S. E. (2013). Increased losses of organic carbon and destabilising of tropical peatlands following deforestation, drainage and burning. In: AGU Fall Meeting, 9-13 Dec 2013, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Gauci, Vincent; Pangala, Sunitha; Gowing, David and Hornibrook, Edward (2013). Trees are important conduits for emission of methane from temperate and tropical wetlands. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly, 07 – 12 April 2013, Vienna.
Hornibrook, Edward; Maxfield, Peter; Gauci, Vincent and Stott, Andrew (2013). Reassessing the stable isotope composition assigned to methane flux from natural wetlands in isotope-constrained budgets. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2013, 7-12 April 2013, Vienna, Austria.
Pangala, Sunitha R.; Gauci, Vincent; Hornibrook, Edward R. C. and Gowing, David (2012). Methane emission through trees in temperate and tropical wetlands. In: AGU Fall Meeting, 3-7 December 2012, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Gauci, Vincent and Pangala, Sunitha R. (2012). Considering scale when assessing wetland methane emissions: wetland forest soils versus wetland forests. In: 9th INTECOL International Wetlands Conference: Wetlands In A Complex World, 03-08 June 2012, Orlando, Florida.
Pangala, Sunitha R.; Gauci, Vincent; Hornibrook, Edward R. C. and Gowing, David J. (2012). Methane emissions through trees in tropical and temperate forested wetlands. In: 9th INTECOL International Wetlands Conference: Wetlands in a Complex World, 03-08 June 2012, Orlando, Florida.
Pangala, S. R.; Gauci, V.; Hornibrook, E. R. C. and Gowing, D. J. (2012). Tree-mediated methane emissions from tropical and temperate peatlands. In: EGU General Assembly 2012, 22-27 April 2012, Vienna.
Gauci, Vincent; Moore, Sam; Evans, Chris and Page, Susan (2011). A large fluvial pulse of organic carbon following the Bornean peat swamp forest fires of 2009. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2011, 3-8 April 2011, Vienna, Austria.
Moore, S.; Gauci, V.; Page, S.; Evans, C. and Limin, S. (2010). Fluvial organic carbon losses from a Bornean blackwater river. In: 2010 AGU (American Geophysical Union) Fall Meeting , 13-17 December 2010, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Harrison, Nicola; Delmelle, Pierre; Toet, Sylvia; Gauci, Vincent and Ineson, Phil (2010). Do volcanic emissions affect carbon gas fluxes in peatlands? In: European Geophysical Union General Assembly 2010, 2-7 May 2010, Vienna, Austria.
Matthews, Elaine; Gauci, Vincent; Nilsson, Mats and Prigent, Catherine (2009). An integrative framework linking global wetland data sets with methane-flux observations from wetland field sites: development and testing of a methane-centric wetland classification system with boreal observations. In: 2nd International Symposium on Peatlands in the Global Carbon Cycle , 25-30 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic.
Moore, Samuel; Gauci, Vincent; Gosling, William; Page, Susan and Evans, Chris (2009). Losses of dissolved organic carbon from natural and degraded tropical peatlands in Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. In: 2nd International Symposium on Peatlands in the Global Carbon Cycle , 25-30 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic.
Gauci, V. and Wallage, Z. E. (2008). The effect of sulfate deposition on wetland methane emissions: historical, experimental and emissions monitoring Evidence. In: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2008, 15-18 December 2008, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Boardman, C.; Gauci, V. and Beerling, D. (2008). Wetland methane emission response to last glacial maximum atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. In: American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2008, 15-18 December 2008, San Francisco, USA.
Gauci, V.; Dise, N. B. and Howell, G. (2006). Suppression of rice methane production and emission by low dose sulfate application. In: American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2006, 11–15 December 2006, San Francisco, USA.
Gauci, V.; Blake, S. and Stevenson, D. (2003). Volcanic influences on the atmospheric methane budget. In: EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly, 6 - 11 April 2003, Nice, France.
Gauci, V. (2003). Global impacts of sulfate deposition from acid rain on methane emissions from natural wetlands. In: EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly, 6 - 11 April 2003, Nice, France.
Matthews, Elaine; Gauci, Vincent and Prigent, Catherine (2002). Climatic and chemical controls on methane emissions from wetlands. In: Society of Wetland Scientists Meeting, 3-7 June, 2002, Lake Placid, New York.
Journal Article
Green, Sophie ; Baird, Andy J.; Boardman, Carl P. and Gauci, Vincent (2014). A mesocosm study of the effect of restoration on methane (CH4) emissions from blanket peat. Wetlands Ecology and Management (Early access).
Pangala, Sunitha R.; Gowing, David J.; Hornibrook, Edward R. C. and Gauci, Vincent (2014). Controls on methane emissions from Alnus glutinosa saplings. New Phytologist, 201(3), pp. 887–896.
Boardman, Carl P.; Gauci, Vincent; Fox, Andrew; Blake, Stephen and Beerling, David J. (2013). Reduction of the temperature sensitivity of minerotrophic fen methane emissions by simulated glacial atmospheric carbon dioxide starvation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 118(2), pp. 462–470.
Moore, Sam ; Evans, Chris D.; Page, Susan E.; Garnett, Mark H.; Jones, Tim G.; Freeman, Chris; Hooijer, Aljosja; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Limin, Suwido H. and Gauci, Vincent (2013). Deep instability of deforested tropical peatlands revealed by fluvial organic carbon fluxes. Nature, 493 pp. 660–663.
Pangala, Sunitha R.; Moore, Sam; Hornibrook, Edward R. C. and Gauci, Vincent (2013). Trees are major conduits for methane egress from tropical forested wetlands. New Phytologist, 197(2), pp. 524–531.
Tong, Chuan; Wang, Wei-Qi; Huang, Jia-Fang; Gauci, Vincent; Zhang, Lin-Hai and Zeng, Cong-Sheng (2012). Invasive alien plants increase CH4 emissions from a subtropical tidal estuarine wetland. Biogeochemistry, 111(1-3), pp. 677–693.
Boardman, Carl P.; Gauci, Vincent; Watson, Jonathan S.; Blake, Stephen and Beerling, David J. (2011). Contrasting wetland CH4 emission responses to simulated glacial atmospheric CO2 in temperate bogs and fens. New Phytologist, 192(4), pp. 898–911.
Tong, Chuan; Zhang, Linhai; Wang, Weiqi ; Gauci, Vincent; Marrs, Rob; Liu, Baigui; Jia, Ruixia and Zeng, Congsheng (2011). Contrasting nutrient stocks and litter decomposition in stands of native and invasive species in a sub-tropical estuarine marsh. Environmental Research, 111(7), pp. 909–916.
Moore, S.; Gauci, V.; Evans, C. D. and Page, S. E. (2011). Fluvial organic carbon losses from a Bornean blackwater river. Biogeosciences, 8 pp. 901–909.
Gauci, Vincent; Gowing, David J. G.; Hornibrook, Edward R. C.; Davis, Joanna M. and Dise, Nancy B. (2010). Woody stem methane emission in mature wetland alder trees. Atmospheric Environment, 44(17), pp. 2157–2160.
Payne, Richard; Gauci, Vincent and Charman, Dan J. (2010). Response of peatland testate amoebae to simulated distal volcanogenic deposition of sulfate. Microbial Ecology, 59(1), pp. 76–83.
Moore, S.; Gauci, V.; Evans, C. D. and Page, S. E. (2010). Fluvial organic carbon losses from a Bornean black water river. Biogeosciences Discussions, 7(6), pp. 8319–8343.
Dise, N. B.; Rothwell, J. J.; Gauci, V.; van der Salm, C. and de Vries, W. (2009). Predicting dissolved inorganic nitrogen leaching in European forests using two independent databases. Science of the Total Environment , 407(5), pp. 1798–1808.
Gauci, Vincent; Blake, Stephen; Stevenson, David S. and Highwood, Eleanor J. (2008). Halving of the northern wetland CH4 source by a large Icelandic volcanic eruption. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 113(G3),
Gauci, Vincent; Dise, Nancy B.; Howell, Graham and Jenkins, Meaghan E. (2008). Suppression of rice methane emission by sulfate deposition in simulated acid rain. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 113(G00A07), pp. 1–6.
Gauci, Vincent and Chapman, Stephen J. (2006). Simultaneous inhibition of CH4 efflux and stimulation of sulphate reduction in peat subject to simulated acid rain. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38(12), pp. 3506–3510.
Gauci, Vincent; Dise, Nancy and Blake, Stephen (2005). Long-term suppression of wetland methane flux following a pulse of simulated acid rain. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(L12804),
Gauci, Vincent; Matthews, Elaine; Dise, Nancy; Walter, Bernadette; Koch, Dorothy; Granberg, Gunnar and Vile, Melanie (2004). Sulfate suppression of the wetland methane source in the 20th and 21st centuries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 101(34), pp. 12583–12587.
Gauci, Vincent; Fowler, David; Chapman, Stephen J. and Dise, Nancy B. (2004). Sulfate deposition and temperature controls on methane emission and sulfur forms in peat. Biogeochemistry, 71(2), pp. 141–162.
Stevenson, D.S.; Johnson, C.E.; Highwood, E.J.; Gauci, V.; Collins, W.J. and Derwent, R.G. (2003). Atmospheric impact of the 1783-1784 Laki Eruption: Part 1 Chemistry modelling. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 3 pp. 487–507.
Gauci, Vincent; Dise, Nancy and Fowler, David (2002). Controls on suppression of methane flux from a peat bog subjected to simulated acid rain sulfate deposition. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(1: 1004),
Other
Gauci, Vincent (2008). Methane (CH4) flux data for Moidach More. Years 1997 - 1998. National Centre for Ecolocigal Analysis and Synthesis.
Gunderson, P.; Berg, B.; Currie, W. S.; Dise, N. B.; Emmett, B. A.; Gauci, V.; Holmberg, M.; Kjonaas, O. J.; Mol-Dijkstra, J.; van der Salm, C.; Schmidt, I. K.; Tietema, A.; Wessel, W. W.; Vestgarden, L. S.; Akselsson, C.; De Vries, W.; Forsius, M.; Kros, H.; Matzner, E.; Moldan, F.; Nadelhoffer, K. J.; Nilsson, L. -O.; Reinds, G. J.; Rosengren, U.; Stuanes, A. O. and Wright, R. F. (2006). Carbon - Nitrogen Interactions in Forest Ecosystems - Final Report. Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning, Denmark.

last updated 22-Apr-2014