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Professor John Zarnecki

Emeritus Professor

The Open University Faculty of Science Department of Physical Sciences

Profile

CV - Professor Jan Charles Zarnecki

Work Address:                   Planetary & Space Sciences Research Institute

                            The Open University

                            Walton Hall

                            Milton Keynes

                            MK7 6AA

                            Tel: 01908-659599

                            Fax: 01908-858022

                            e-mail: J.C.Zarnecki@open.ac.uk                     

Date of Birth:                           6 November 1949

Academic Qualifications:       Open Exhibition in Engineering, Queens' College Cambridge, 1968

                                               BA in Natural Sciences, University of Cambridge, 1971

                                               MA, University of Cambridge, 1975

                                               Ph.D. in Physics and Astronomy (X-Ray Studies of the Puppis-A Supernova Remnant), University College London, 1977

Professional Affiliations:         Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society (FRAS)

                                               Chartered Physicist (CPhys)

                                               Member of the International Astronomical Union (IAU)

Professional Appointments (selected):

                                               UK Space Leadership Council (2010- ) (A Ministerial appointment)

                                               Chair of UK Space Agency Science Policy Advisory Committee (2010-)

                                               Scientific Advisor to UK Delegation to European Space Agency’s Science Policy Committee (2010-)

                                               Vice-President, Royal Astronomical Society (2009-2011)

                                               Scientific Advisor to UK Parliamentary Space Committee (2010-

                                               Chair of COSPAR Panel on Space Exploration (PEX) (2007-2010)

                                               UK Space Exploration Working Group, British National Space Centre (2007)

                                               PPARC/STFC Aurora Advisory Committee (2006-2007)

                                               PPARC Council (2005-2007)

                                               PPARC Audit Committee (2005-2007)

                                               ESA/NASA Jupiter System Working Group (2005-2007)

                                               PPARC Science & Society Advisory Group (2003-present)

Council of the Royal Astronomical Society (1995-1998)

                                               European Science Foundation's European Space Science Committee (1997-2000)

                                               Member of the European Space Agency Solar System Working Group (1995-1998)

                                               PPARC Next Generation Space Telescope Advisory Group

Career History

 

2010-present:Visiting Professor, Beihang University, Beijing, China

 

2000-present:Professor of Space Science (previously Reader in Space & Planetary Sciences), Planetary & Space Sciences Research Institute and Director of CEPSAR (Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space & Astronomical Research), The Open University

 

1999-2000:Senior Visiting Scientist, Solar System Division, European Space Research & Technology Centre, European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

 

1996-2000:Reader in Space Sciences, Unit for Space Sciences, Physics Laboratory, University of Kent

 

1987 – 1996: Senior Lecturer, Unit for Space Sciences, Physics Laboratory, University of Kent

 

1985-1987:Lecturer, Unit for Space Sciences, Physics Laboratory, University of Kent

 

1981-1985:Senior Experimental Officer, Unit for Space Sciences (Project Manager for UKC Experiment on Giotto Comet Halley spacecraft) Electronics Laboratories, subsequently Physics Laboratory, University of Kent

 

1979-1981:Senior Systems Engineer, Dynamics Group (Technical responsibility for low light level TV Camera for the Faint Object Camera on the ESA/NASA Hubble Space Telescope Project), British Aerospace, Filton, Bristol

 

1974-1979:Research Assistant, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College, London. X-ray astronomy. Development of instrumentation and data analysis & interpretation

 

1971-1974:Research Student, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College, London (activities as above)

 

Present and Recent Research-Related Activities

Major involvement in, latterly in leadership positions, in some of the major planetary exploration missions of recent decades, delivering enormous strides in our understanding of the environments of these bodies (planets, satellites and minor bodies), including the Giotto mission to comet Halley and Cassini-Huygens to Saturn & Titan.  Earlier major instrument development for the Hubble Space Telescope and high energy astrophysics missions.  Also laboratory studies of hypervelocity processes.  Main projects include:

Cassini/Huygens:Principal Investigator for the Surface Science Package (SSP) and Co-I for the Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI) for the Huygens probe/lander on the Cassini mission to Saturn and Titan. Continuing data analysis and interpretation.

ExoMars:Selected by ESA to provide UVIS (Ultraviolet & Visible spectrometer) as PI (Principal Investigator) and AEP (Advanced Environmental Package) as co-PI; the former to characterise for the first time the UV environment on the Martian surface; the AEP to measure the meteorological environment with, for the first time, an automatic high resolution mode to characterise dust devils.

Ptolemy-Rosetta Lander: Deputy PI for PTOLEMY, an instrument designed at the OU to measure isotopic ratios on the surface of comet Churyumov/Gerasimenko as part of ESA's Rosetta mission

Environmental Sensors Suite-Beagle 2: Co-Principal Investigator for the Environmental Sensors Suite on the Beagle 2 Mars lander to make measurements of meteorological, radiation and physical properties on the surface of Mars.

Future Missions:Major involvement with (and leadership in) developing concepts, technology and instruments for missions to Europa, Titan, Enceladus and asteroid sample return.

Research Leadership: Immediate pastDirector of the Open University’s CEPSAR(Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space & Astronomical Research) comprising more than 150 research and research-related staff covering research from the interior of the Earth to cosmological scales.

Secondment (30% for 1 year) to ESA Exploration Directorate for long-term scientific planning of space exploration activities in the inner Solar System.

 

Named Lectures (selected):

 

Grubb Parsons Lecture, University of Durham, 2007

David Elder Lecture, University of Strathclyde, 2007

Open University Broadband Lecture, 2007

Flamstead Lecture, Derby University, 2006

InternationalAcademyof Astronautics Team Achievement Award Lecture, 2006

 

Awards (selected):

 

NASA Group Achievement Award for the Huygens Surface Science Package (2007)

The International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) 2006 Laurels for Team Achievement (to the Cassini-Huygens team)

Asteroid 17920 named Zarnecki (IAU, 2006) in recognition of “..spacecraft instrumentation to study the surfaces and atmospheres of planets, satellites and small bodies”

Arthur C Clarke Award for Individual Contribution to UK Space Research (2005)

THES Award for Research Project of the Year, Runner-up (2005)

ESA Individual Awards for contributions to Huygens, Rosetta and ExoMars (2005-2006)

 

 

Other External Activities (selected):

 

Academic Consultant for and main subject of BBC/OU Documentary, “Destination Titan”

Lecture tours for British Council in Portugal, Poland, Thailand, Estonia & Spain.

Invited Lectures at major science festivals (e.g. Cheltenham & Edinburgh)

Extensive media work related to space research and astronomy, including BBC TV “Sky at Night”, BBC Radio 4 “In Our Times” and “Material World”, BBC Radio 3 Free Thinking Festival, etc

Member of the Board of Milton Keynes Gallery (one of the UK’s leading contemporary art galleries outside London) (2003-2008)

Member of Eurotunnel Plc Shareholders Committee (2002-2006)

 

 

Qualifications

B.A. (Cantab) 1971 Natural Sciences
M.A. (Cantab) 1975
PhD (London) 1977, Physics & Astronomy, University College London

Teaching Interests

S197 How the Universe Works
S207 The Physical World

Research Interests

See Profile above

Current Research Projects

See Profile above

Publications

Book Chapter
Lorenz, R.; Kargl, G.; Ball, A.; Zarnecki, J.; Towner, M.; Leese, M.; McDonnell, J.; Atkinson, K.; Hathi, B. and Hagermann, A. (2009). Titan surface mechanical properties from the SSP ACC-I record of the impact deceleration of the Huygens probe. In: Kargl, G.; Kömle, N.; Ball, A. and Lorenz, R. D. eds. Penetrometry in the Solar System II. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, pp. 147–155.
Krysinski, Z. J.; Zarnecki, J. C.; Leese, M. R.; Lorenz, R. D.; Parker, D. J.; Bannister, M.; Sandford, M.; Delderfield, J.; Daniell, P. and Jolly, H. (2009). Technical Aspects of Huygens SSP Penetrometer Design. In: Kargl, Günther; Komle, Norbert I.; Ball, Andrew J. and Lorenz, Ralph D. eds. Penetrometry in the Solar System II. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences, pp. 157–172.
Sims, Mark R.; Pullan, D.; Fraser, George W.; Whitehead, S.; Sykes, J.; Holt, J.; Butcher, Gillian I.; Nelms, Nick; Dowson, J.; Ross, D.; Bicknell, C.; Crocker, M.; Favill, B.; Wells, Alan A.; Richter, L.; Kochan, H.; Hamacher, Hans; Ratke, L.; Griffiths, Andrew D.; Coates, A. J.; Phillips, N.; Senior, A.; Zarnecki, John C.; Towner, M. C.; Leese, M.; Patel, M.; Wilson, C.; Thomas, Nicolas; Hviid, S.; Josset, Jean-Luc; Klingelhoefer, G.; Bernhardt, B.; van Duijn, P.; Sims, G. and Yung, K. L. (2003). Performance characteristics of the PAW instrumentation on Beagle 2 (the astrobiology lander on ESA's Mars Express Mission). In: Hoover, Richard B.; Rozanov, Alexei Y. and Paepe, Roland R. eds. Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology V (Proceedings Volume). Proceedings of SPIE, 4859 (4859). San Deigo, California: SPIE, pp. 32–44.
Conference Item
Lorenz, R. D.; Stofan, E.; Lunine, J. I.; Zarnecki, J. C.; Harri, A.-M.; Karkoschka, E.; Newman, C. E.; Bierhaus, E. B.; Clark, B. C.; Yelland, M.; Leese, M. R.; Boldt, J.; Darlington, E.; Neish, C. D.; Sotzen, K.; Arvelo, J.; Rasbach, C.; Kretsch, W.; Strohbehn, K.; Grey, M.; Mann, J.; Zimmermann, H. and Reed, C. (2012). MP3 - A meteorology and physical properties package to explore air-sea interaction on Titan. In: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2012), 19-23 March 2012, Houston, Texas, USA.
Ferri, F.; Lewis, S. R.; Withers, P.; Aboudan, A.; Bettanini, C.; Colombatti, G.; Debei, S.; Golombek, M.; Harri, A. M.; Komatsu, G.; Leese, M. R.; Mäkinen, T.; Müller-Wodarg, I.; Ori, G. G.; Patel, M. R.; Pondrelli, M.; Siili, T.; Tokano, T.; Towner, M. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2011). ExoMars entry, descent and landing science. In: EPSC-DPS Joint Meeting 2011, 2-7 October 2011, Nantes.
Patel, M.R. ; Otter, S. and Zarnecki, J.C. (2011). Variation of light at the surface of Mars: UV, visible and near-infrared radiation. In: Exploring Mars Habitability, 13-15 June 2011, Lisbon, Portugal.
Miljkovic, K.; Mason, N. J. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2010). Environmental effects on dust around Europa. In: 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 1-5 March 2010, Houston.
Andrews, Dan; Morse, Andrew; Wright, Ian; Barber, Simeon; Morgan, Geraint; Sheridan, Simon; Leese, Mark; Pillinger, Colin and Zarnecki, John (2010). Ptolemy operations in anticipation of the flyby of asteroid 21 Lutetia. In: EGU General Assembly 2010, 2-7 May 2010, Vienna, Austria.
Stofan, E. R. ; Lorenz, R. D.; Lunine , J. I.; Aharonson , O.; Bierhaus , E.; Clark , B.; Griffith , C.; Harri , A.-M.; Karkoschka , E.; Kirk , R.; Kantsiper, B.; Mahaffy , P.; Newman , C.; Ravine , M.; Trainer , M.; Waite , H and Zarnecki, J. (2010). Titan Mare Explorer (TiME): first in situ exploration of an extraterrestrial sea. In: Astrobiology Science Conference 2010: Evolution and Life: Surviving Catastrophes and Extremes on Earth and Beyond, 26-29 Apr 2010, League City, Texas, USA.
Stofan, E. R.; Lunine , J. I.; Lorenz, R. D.; Aharonson , O.; Bierhaus , E.; Clark , B.; Griffith , C.; Harri , A.-M.; Karkoschka , E.; Kirk , R.; Kantsiper , B.; Mahaffy , P.; Newman , C.; Ravine , M.; Trainer , M.; Waite , H. and Zarnecki, J. (2010). Exploring the seas of Titan: the Titan Mare Eplorer (TiME) mission. In: 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 1-5 Mar 2010, Houston, Texas.
Miljkovic, Katarina; Mason, Nigel and Zarnecki, John (2009). Investigation of the dust environment around Europa. In: European Planetary Science Congress, 14-18 Sep 2009, Potsdam, Germany.
Miljkovic, Katarina; Mason, Nigel and Zarnecki, John (2009). Experimental and theoretical research on the dust cloud around Europa and its application to the design of a new hybrid dust detector for an orbiter. In: RAS NAM 2009 (European week of Astronomy and Space Science), 20-23 Apr 2009, University of Hertfordshire, UK.
Miljkovic, Katarina; Mason, Nigel and Zarnecki, John (2008). Research on Europa's dust cloud at The Open University's HVI Laboratory. In: 26th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science, 1-8 June 2008, Hamamatsu City, Japan.
Miljkovic, K.; Taylor, E. A.; Tsembelis, K.; Proud, W. G.; Cockell, C. S. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2007). Impact pressures generated by spherical particle hypervelocity impact on Yorkshire Sandstone. In: Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, 24-29 June 2007, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA.
Bartlett, S.; Patel, M. and Zarnecki, J. (2006). An instrument to determine the surface composition of icy bodies and search for trace biological signatures. In: 36th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 16-23 July 2006 , Beijing, China .
Otter, S.; Patel, M. R. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2006). In situ spectroscopy at the martian surface - modelling and future instrumentation. In: 36th COSPAR Scientific Assembly , 16-23 July 2006 , Beijing, China .
Towner, M. C.; Garry, J. R. C.; Svedhem, H.; Hagermann, A.; Clark, B. C.; Lorenz, R. D.; Leese, M. R.; Hathi, B. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2006). Constraints on the Huygens landing site topography from the Surface Science Package Acoustic Properties Instrument. In: 37th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 13- 17 March 2006, Houston, Texas, USA.
Bentley, M.S.; Ball, A.J.; Dyar, M.D.; Pieters, C.M.; Wright, I.P. and Zarnecki, J.C. (2005). Space weathering: Laboratory analyses and in-situ instrumentation. In: 36th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 14-18 March 2005, Houston, Texas, USA.
Metzger, S. M.; Balme, M.; Greeley, R.; Ringrose, T.; Towner, M. and Zarnecki, J. (2004). Surface Profiling of Natural Dust Devils. In: 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 15-19 March 2004, Houston, Texas, USA.
Ringrose, Tim; Towner, Martin and Zarnecki, John (2004). Diurnal Dust Devil Behaviour for the Viking 1 Landing Site: Sols 1 to 30. In: 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 15-19 March 2004, Houston, Texas, USA.
Zarnecki, John; Hathi, Brijen; Leese, Mark and Ball, Andrew (2004). In-flight performance of the HASI servo accelerometer and implications for results at Titan. In: International Workshop on Planetary Probe Atmospheric Entry and Descent Trajectory Analysis and Science, 6 - 9 October 2003, Lisbon.
Patel, M. R.; Towner, M. C.; Zarnecki, J. C.; Leese, M. R.; Davies, A. and Husbands, A. (2004). A miniature UV-VIS spectrometer for the surface of Mars. In: 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 15-19 March 2004, Houston, Texas, USA.
Towner, M. C.; Ringrose, T. J.; Patel, M. R; Balme, M.; Metzger, S. M.; Greeley, R. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2004). A close encounter with a terrestrial dust devil. In: 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 15-19 March 2004, Houston, Texas, USA.
Ringrose, Tim; Towner, Martin and Zarnecki, John (2003). Viking Lander 1 and 2 revisited: The characterisation and detection of Martian dust devils. In: Sixth International Conference on Mars, 20-25 July 2003, Pasadena, California, U.S.
Morse, A. D.; Barber, S. J.; Leese, M. R.; Morgan, G. H.; Sheridan, S.; Wright, I. P.; Zarnecki, J. C. and Pillinger, C. T. (2003). In-situ chemical and isotopic analysis of a comet by Ptolemy. In: EGU Joint Assembly, 6-11 April 2003, Nice, France.
Towner, M. C.; Ringrose, T. J.im; Patel, M. R.; Pullan, D.; Sims, M. R.; Haapanala, S.; Harri, A.-M.; Polkko, J.; Wilson, C. F. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2003). The Beagle 2 environmental sensors: intended measurements and scientific goals. In: Sixth International Conference on Mars, 20-25 July 2003.
Ringrose, Tim and Zarnecki, John (2002). Martian and terrestrial dust devils. In: 33rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11-15 March 2002, Houston, Texas, USA.
Ringrose, Tim; Towner, Martin and Zarnecki, John (2002). Convective Vortices on Mars: A Reanalysis of Viking Lander 2 Meteorological Data, Sols 1-50. In: 33rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11-15 March 2002, Houston, Texas, USA.
Withers, Paul; Hathi, Brijen; Towner, Martin and Zarnecki, John (2002). Development of software for analysing entry accelerometer data in preparation for the Beagle 2 mission to Mars: towards a publicly available toolkit. In: 33rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11-15 March 2002, Houston, Texas, USA.
Patel, M. R. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2002). Characterisation of the UV environment of the Beagle 2 landing site. In: 33rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11-15 March 2002, Houston, Texas, USA.
Patel, M. R.; Zarnecki, J. C. and Towner, M. C. (2002). The martian surface UV environment: theoretical modelling and in-situ measurements. In: The Evolving Sun and its Influence on Planetary Environments, ASP Conference Series, Vol. 269, 2002, 2002.
Ringrose, Tim; Zarnecki, John; Towner, Martin; Kapartis, S. and Strachan, R. (2001). Martian Dust Devil Detection with the Beagle 2 Wind Sensor. In: 32nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 12-16 March 2001, Houston, Texas, USA.
Journal Article
Lorenz, Ralph D.; Leese, Mark R.; Hathi, Brijen; Zarnecki, John C.; Hagermann, Axel; Rosenberg, Phil; Towner, Martin C.; Garry, James and Svedhem, Håkan (2014). Silence on Shangri-La: attenuation of Huygens acoustic signals suggests surface volatiles. Planetary And Space Science, 90 pp. 72–80.
Della Corte, V.; Rotundi, A.; Accolla, M.; Sordini, R.; Palumbo, P.; Colangeli, L.; Lopez-Moreno, J. J.; Rodriguez, J.; Rietmeijer, F. J. M.; Ferrari, M.; Lucarelli, F.; Mazzotta Epifani, E.; Ivanovski, S.; Aronica, A.; Cosi, M.; Bussoletti, E.; Crifo, J. F.; Esposito, F.; Fulle, M.; Green, S. F.; Gruen, E.; Herranz, M. L.; Jeronimo, J. M.; Lamy, P.; Lopez Jimenez, A.; McDonnell, J. A. M.; Mennella, V.; Molina, A.; Morales, R.; Moreno, F.; Palomba, E.; Perrin, J. M.; Rodrigo, R.; Weissman, P.; Zakharov, V. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2014). GIADA: its status after the Rosetta cruise phase and on-ground activity in support of the encounter with comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation p. 1350011.
Andrews, D. J.; Morse, A. D.; Barber, S. J.; Leese, M. R.; Morgan, G. H.; Sheridan, S.; Zarnecki, J. C.; Pillinger, C. T. and Wright, I. P. (2012). Ptolemy operations and results during the Lutetia flyby. Planetary And Space Science, 66 pp. 179–186.
Leese, M. R.; Lorenz, R. D.; Hathi, B. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2012). The Huygens surface science package (SSP):flight performance review and lessons learned. Planetary And Space Science, 70(1), pp. 28–45.
Ehrenfreund, Pascale; McKay, Chris; Rummel, John D.; Foing, Bernard H.; Neal, Clive R.; Masson-Zwaan, Tanja; Ansdell, Megan; Peter, Nicolas; Zarnecki, John; Mackwell, Steve; Perino, Maria Antionetta; Billings, Linda; Mankins, John and Race, Margaret (2012). Toward a global space exploration program: a stepping stone approach. Advances in Space Research, 49(1), pp. 2–48.
Miljkovic, K.; Hillier, J. K.; Mason, N.J. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2012). Models of dust around Europa and Ganymede. Planetary and Space Science, 70(1), pp. 20–27.
Miljković, K.; Mason, N. J. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2011). Ejecta fragmentation in impacts into gypsum and water ice. Icarus, 214(2), pp. 739–747.
Bentley, Mark S.; Ball, Andrew; Wright, Ian P. and Zarnecki, John C. (2011). On the application of magnetic methods for the characterisation of space weathering products. Planetary And Space Science, 59(1), pp. 79–91.
Dominik, Martin and Zarnecki, John C. (2011). The detection of extra-terrestrial life and the consequences for science and society. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369(1936), pp. 499–507.
Atkinson, Karl R.; Zarnecki, John C.; Towner, Martin C.; Ringrose, Timothy J.; Hagermann, Axel; Ball, Andrew J.; Leese, Mark R.; Kargl, Gunter; Paton, Mark D.; Lorenz, Ralph D. and Green, Simon F. (2010). Penetrometry of granular and moist planetary surface materials: Application to the Huygens landing site on Titan. Icarus, 210(2), pp. 843–851.
Curtis , Jeremy ; Harra, Louise; Zarnecki, John and Grady, Monica (2010). Reviewing UK space exploration. Space Policy, 26(2), pp. 113–116.
Paton, M. D.; Kargl, G.; Ball, A. J.; Green, S. F.; Hagermann, A.; Kömle, N. I.; Thiel, M. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2010). Computer modelling of a penetrator thermal sensor. Advances in Space Research, 46(3), pp. 337–345.
Hathi, B.; Ball, A. J.; Colombatti, G.; Ferri, F.; Leese, M. R.; Towner, M. C.; Withers, P.; Fulchigioni, M. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2009). Huygens HASI servo accelerometer: a review and lessons learned. Planetary and Space Science, 57(12), pp. 1321–1333.
Bentley, Mark S.; Ball, Andrew J.; Potter, David K.; Wright, Ian P. and Zarnecki, John C. (2009). In situ multi-frequency measurements of magnetic susceptibility as an indicator of planetary regolith maturity. Planetary and Space Science, 57(12), pp. 1491–1499.
Colangeli, L.; Lopez-Moreno, J. J.; Nørnberg, P.; Della Corte, V.; Esposito, F.; Mazzotta Epifani, E.; Merrison, J.; Molfese, C.; Palumbo, P.; Rodriguez-Gomez, J. F.; Rotundi, A.; Visconti, G. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2009). MEDUSA: The ExoMars experiment for in-situ monitoring of dust and water vapour. Planetary And Space Science, 57(8-9), pp. 1043–1049.
Worms , Jean-Claude; Lammer , Helmut; Barucci , Antonella; Beebe , Reta; Bibring, Jean-Pierre; Blamont , Jacques; Blanc , Michel; Bonnet , Roger; Brucato , John R.; Chassefière, Eric; Coradini , Angioletta; Crawford , Ian; Ehrenfreund , Pascale; Falcke, Heino; Gerzer , Rupert; Grady, Monica; Grande , Manuel; Haerendel , Gerhard; Horneck , Gerda; Koch , Bernhard; Lobanov , Andreï; Lopez-Moreno, José J.; Marco , Roberto; Norsk , Peter; Rothery, Dave; Swings , Jean-Pierre; Tropea , Cam; Ulamec , Stephan; Westall, Frances and Zarnecki, John (2009). ESSC-ESF position paper - science-driven scenario for space exploration: report from the European Space Sciences Committee (ESSC). Astrobiology, 9(1), pp. 23–41.
Küppers, Michael; Keller, H. U.; Kührt, E.; A’Hearn, M. F.; Altwegg, K.; Bertrand, R.; Busemann, H.; Capria, M. T.; Colangeli, L.; Davidsson, B.; Ehrenfreund, P.; Knollenberg, J.; Mottola, S.; Rathke, A.; Weiss, P.; Zolensky, M.; Akim, E.; Basilevsky, A.; Galimov, E.; Gerasimov, M.; Korablev, O.; Lomakin, I.; Marov, M.; Martynov, M.; Nazarov, M.; Zakharov, A.; Zelenyi, L.; Aronica, A.; Ball, A. J.; Barbieri, C.; Bar-Nun, A.; Benkhoff, J.; Biele, J.; Biver, N.; Blum, J.; Bockelée-Morvan, D.; Botta, O.; Bredehöft, J.-H.; Capaccioni, F.; Charnley, S.; Cloutis, E.; Cottin, H.; Cremonese, G.; Crovisier, J.; Crowther, S. A.; Esposito, F.; Ferrari, A. C.; Ferri, F.; Fulle, M.; Gilmour, J.; Goesmann, F.; Gortsas, N.; Green, S. F.; Groussin, O.; Grün, E.; Gutiérrez, P. J.; Hartogh, P.; Henkel, T.; Hilchenbach, M.; Ho, T.-M.; Horneck, G.; Hviid, S. F.; Ip, W.-H.; Jäckel, A.; Jessberger, E.; Kallenbach, R.; Kargl, G.; Kömle, N. I.; Korth, A.; Kossacki, K.; Krause, C.; Krüger, H.; Li, Z.-Y.; Licandro, J.; Lopez-Moreno, J. J.; Lowry, S. C.; Lyon, I.; Magni, G.; Mall, U.; Mann, I.; Markiewicz, W.; Martins, Z.; Maurette, M.; Meierhenrich, U.; Mennella, V.; Ng, T. C.; Nittler, L. R.; Palumbo, P.; Pätzold, M.; Prialnik, D.; Rengel, M.; Rickman, H.; Rodriguez, J.; Roll, R.; Rost, D.; Rotundi, A.; Sandford, S.; Schönbächler, M.; Sierks, H.; Srama, R.; Stroud, R. M.; Szutowicz, S.; Tornow, C.; Ulamec, S.; Wallis, M.; Waniak, W.; Weissman, P.; Wieler, R.; Wurz, P.; Yung, K. L. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2009). Triple F—a comet nucleus sample return mission. Experimental Astronomy, 23(3), pp. 809–847.
Coustenis, A.; Atreya, S. K.; Balint, T.; Brown, R. H.; Dougherty, M. K.; Ferri, F.; Fulchignoni, M.; Gautier, D.; Gowen, R. A.; Griffith, C. A.; Gurvits, L. I.; Jaumann, R.; Langevin, Y.; Leese, M. R.; Lunine, J. I.; McKay, C. P.; Moussas, X.; Müller-Wodarg, I.; Neubauer, F.; Owen, T. C.; Raulin, F.; Sittler, E. C.; Sohl, F.; Sotin, C.; Tobie, G.; Tokano, T.; Turtle, E. P.; Wahlund, J.-E.; Waite, J. H.; Baines, K. H.; Blamon, J.; Coates, A. J.; Dandouras, I.; Krimigis, T.; Lellouch, E.; Lorenz, R. D.; Morse, A.; Porco, C. C.; Hirtzig, M.; Saur, J.; Spilker, T.; Zarnecki, J. C.; Choi, E.; Achilleos, N.; Amils, R.; Annan, P.; Atkinson, D. H.; Bénilan, Y.; Bertucci, C.; Bézard, B.; Bjoraker, G. L.; Blanc, M.; Boireau, L.; Bouman, J.; Cabane, M; Capria, M. T.; Chassefière, E.; Coll, P.; Combes, M.; Cooper, J. F.; Coradini, A.; Crary, F.; Cravens, T.; Daglis, I. A.; de Angelis, E.; de Bergh, C.; de Pater, I.; Dunford, C.; Durry, G.; Dutuit, O.; Fairbrother, D.; Flasar, F. M.; Fortes, A. D.; Frampton, R.; Fujimoto, M.; Galand, M.; Grasset, O.; Grott, M.; Haltigin, T.; Herique, A.; Hersant, F.; Hussmann, H.; Ip, W.; Johnson, R.; Kallio, E.; Kempf, S.; Knapmeyer, M.; Kofman, W.; Koop, R.; Kostiuk, T.; Krupp, N.; Küppers, M.; Lammer, H.; Lara, L.-M.; Lavvas, P.; Le Mouélic, S.; Lebonnois, S.; Ledvina, S.; Li, J.; Livengood, T. A.; Lopes, R. M.; Lopez-Moreno, J.-J.; Luz, D.; Mahaffy, P. R.; Mall, U.; Martinez-Frias, J.; Marty, B.; McCord, T.; Menor Salvan, C.; Milillo, A.; Mitchell, D. G.; Modolo, R.; Mousis, O.; Nakamura, M.; Neish, C. D.; Nixon, C. A.; Nna Mvondo, D.; Orton, G.; Paetzold, M.; Pitman, J.; Pogrebenko, S.; Pollard, W.; Prieto-Ballesteros, O.; Rannou, P.; Reh, K.; Richter, L.; Robb, F. T.; Rodrigo, R.; Rodriguez, S.; Romani, P.; Ruiz Bermejo, M; Sarris, E. T.; Selig, A.; Sicardy, B.; Soderblom, L.; Spilker, L. J.; Stam, D.; Steele, A.; Stephan, K.; Strobel, D. F.; Szego, K.; Szopa, C.; Thissen, R.; Tomasko, M. G.; Toublanc, D.; Vali, H.; Vardavas, I.; Vuitton, V.; West, R. A.; Yelle, R. and Young, E. F. (2009). TandEM: Titan and Enceladus mission. Experimental Astronomy, 23(3), pp. 893–946.
Marty, B.; Guillot, T.; Coustenis, A.; Achilleos, N.; Alibert, Y.; Asmar, S.; Atkinson, D.; Atreya, S.; Babasides, G.; Baines, K.; Balint, T.; Banfield, D.; Barber, S.; Bézard, B.; Bjoraker, G. L.; Blanc, M.; Bolton, S.; Chanover, N.; Charnoz, S.; Chassefière, E.; Colwell, J. E.; Deangelis, E.; Dougherty, M.; Drossart, P.; Flasar, F. M.; Fouchet, T.; Frampton, R.; Franchi, I.; Gautier, D.; Gurvits, L.; Hueso, R.; Kazeminejad, B.; Krimigis, T.; Jambon, A.; Jones, G.; Langevin, Y.; Leese, M.; Lellouch, E.; Lunine, J.; Milillo, A.; Mahaffy, P.; Mauk, B.; Morse, A.; Moreira, M.; Moussas, X.; Murray, C.; Mueller-Wodarg, I.; Owen, T. C.; Pogrebenko, S.; Prangé, R.; Read, P.; Sanchez-Lavega, A.; Sarda, P.; Stam, D.; Tinetti, G.; Zarka, P. and Zarnecki, J. (2009). Kronos: exploring the depths of Saturn with probes and remote sensing through an international mission. Experimental Astronomy, 23(3), pp. 947–976.
Ball, Andrew J.; Ulamec, Stephan; Dachwald, Bernd; Price, Michael E.; Nadalini, Riccardo; Luethi, Benjamin; Wolters, Stephen D.; Sheridan, Simon; Green, Simon F.; Zarnecki, John C.; D’Arrigo, Paolo; Seiferlin, Karsten; Kargl, Günter and Goerke, Nils (2009). A small mission for in situ exploration of a primitive binary near-Earth asteroid. Advances in Space Research, 43(2), pp. 317–324.
Ball, Andrew J.; Price, Michael E.; Walker, Roger J.; Dando, Glyn C.; Wells, Nigel S. and Zarnecki, John C. (2009). Mars Phobos and Deimos Survey (M-PADS) – A martian Moons orbiter and Phobos lander. Advances in Space Research, 43(1), pp. 120–127.
Ball, Andrew J.; Price, Michael E.; Walker, Roger J.; Dando, Glyn C.; Wells, Nigel S. and Zarnecki, John C. (2009). Mars Phobos and Deimos Survey (M-PADS)–A Martian Moons Orbiter and Phobos Lander. Advances in Space Research, 43(1), pp. 120–127.
Andrews, Dan; Morse, Andrew; Barber, Simeon; Leese, Mark; Morgan, Geraint; Pillinger, Colin; Sheridan, Simon; Wright, Ian and Zarnecki, John (2009). Laboratory optimization of the Helium Carrier Gas Flow System of MODULUS Ptolemy. Aerotecnica, Missili e Spazio, 88(4), pp. 139–144.
Hathi, B.; Ball, A. J.; Banaszkiewicz, M.; Daniell, P. M.; Garry, J. R. C.; Hagermann, A.; Leese, M. R.; Lorenz, R. D.; Rosenberg, P. D.; Towner, M. C. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2008). In situ thermal conductivity measurements of Titan's lower atmosphere. Icarus, 197(2), pp. 579–584.
Hagermann, Axel; Towner, Martin; Rosenberg, Philip; Garry , J R ; Svedhem , H; Leese, Mark; Hathi, Brijen; Lorenz, R D and Zarnecki, John (2008). The Huygens surface science package sound speed measurements and the methane content of Titan's atmosphere (A). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123(5), p. 3401.
Colombatti, G.; Withers, P.; Ferri, F.; Aboudan, A.; Ball, A. J.; Bettanini, C.; Gaborit, V.; Harri, A. M.; Hathi, B.; Leese, M. R.; Makinen, T.; Stoppato, P. L.; Towner, M. C.; Zarnecki, J. C.; Angrilli, F. R. and Fulchignoni, M. (2008). Reconstruction of the trajectory of the Huygens probe using the Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI). Planetary And Space Science, 56(5), pp. 586–600.
Crawford, Ian A. and Zarnecki, John (2008). Astronomy from the Moon. Astronomy and Geophysics, 49(2), pp. 17–19.
Witasse, Olivier; Lyle, Huber; Zender, Joe; Lebreton, Jean-Pierre; Beebe, Reta; Heather, David; Matson, Dennis L.; Zarnecki, John; Wheadon, Joe; Trautner, Roland; Tomasko, Marty; Leon Stoppato, Piero; Simoes, Fernando; See, Chuck; Perez-Ayucar, Miguel; Pennanech, Cyril; Niemann, Hasso; McFarlane, Lisa; Leese, Mark; Kazeminejad, Bobby; Israel, Guy; Hathi, Brijen; Hagermann, Axel; Haberman, John; Fulchignoni, Marcello; Ferri, Francesca; Dutta-Roy, Robindro; Doose, Lyn; Demick-Montelara, Jaime; Colombatti, Giacomo; Brun, Jean-Francis; Bird, Michael; Atkinson, David and Aboudan, Alessio (2008). The Huygens scientific data archive: Technical overview. Planetary And Space Science, 56(5), pp. 770–777.
Lorenz, Ralph D.; Zarnecki, John C.; Towner, Martin C.; Leese, Mark R.; Ball, Andrew J.; Hathi, Brijen; Hagermann, Axel and Ghafoor, Nadeem A. L (2007). Descent motions of the Huygens probe as measured by the Surface Science Package (SSP): Turbulent evidence for a cloud layer. Planetary and Space Science, 55(13), pp. 1936–1948.
Ringrose, T. J.; Patel, M. R.; Towner, M. C.; Balme, M.; Metzger, S. M. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2007). The meteorological signatures of dust devils on Mars. Planetary And Space Science, 55(14), pp. 2151–2163.
Hagermann, A.; Rosenberg, P. D.; Towner, M. C.; Garry, J. R. C.; Svedhem, H.; Leese, M. R.; Hathi, B.; Lorenz, R. D. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2007). Speed of sound measurements and the methane abundance in Titan's atmosphere. Icarus, 189(2), pp. 538–543.
Wright, I.P.; Barber, S.J.; Morgan, G.H.; Morse, A.D.; Sheridan, S.; Andrews, D.J.; Yau, D.; Evans, S.T.; Leese, M.R.; Zarnecki, J.C.; Kent, B.J.; Waltham, N.R.; Whalley, M.S.; Heys, S.; Drummond, D.L.; Edeson, R.L.; Sawyer, E.C.; Turner, R.F. and Pillinger, C.T. (2007). Ptolemy – an Instrument to Measure Stable Isotopic Ratios of Key Volatiles on a Cometary Nucleus. Space Science Reviews, 128(1-4), pp. 363–381.
Spohn, Tilman; Seiferlin, Karsten; Hagermann, Axel; Knollenberg, Jörg; Ball, Andrew J.; Banaszkiewicz, Marek; Johannes, Johannes; Gadomski, Stanislaw; Gregorczyk, Wojciech; Grygorczuk, Jerzy; Hlond, Marek; Kargl, Günter; Kührt, Ekkehard; Kömle, Norbert; Krasowski, Jacek; Marczewski, Wojciech and Zarnecki, John C. (2007). Mupus – A Thermal and Mechanical Properties Probe for the Rosetta Lander Philae. Space Science Reviews, 128(1-4), pp. 339–362.
Hathi, B.; Daniell, P. M.; Banaszkiewicz, M.; Hagermann, A.; Leese, M. R. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2007). Thermal conductivity instrument for measuring planetary atmospheric properties and data analysis technique. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 87(2), pp. 585–590.
Towner, M.C.; Garry, J.R.C.; Lorenz, R.D.; Hagermann, A.; Hathi, B.; Svedhem, H.; Clark, B.C.; Leese, M.R. and Zarnecki, J.C. (2006). Physical properties of Titan's surface at the Huygens landing site from the Surface Science Package Acoustic Properties sensor (API-S). Icarus, 185(2), pp. 457–465.
Rogoyski, A.; Skidmore, B.; Maheswaran, V.; Wright, I.; Zarnecki, J. and Pillinger, C. (2006). Wide area microprobe analyser (WAMPA). Acta Astronautica, 59(8-11), pp. 1029–1038.
Hagermann, A. and Zarnecki, J.C. (2006). Virial treatment of the speed of sound in cold, dense atmospheres and application to Titan. Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society, 368(1), pp. 321–324.
Hagermann, A.; Ball, A.J.; Hathi, B.; Leese, M.R.; Lorenz, R.D.; Rosenberg, P.D.; Towner, M.C. and Zarnecki, J.C. (2006). Inferring the composition of the liquid Surface on Titan at the Huygens probe landing site from Surface Science Package measurements. Advances in Space Research, 38(4), pp. 794–798.
Walker, R. J.; Ball, A. J.; Price, M. E.; Sims, M. R.; Taylor, F. W.; Wells, N. S. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2006). Concepts for a low-cost Mars micro mission. Acta Astronautica, 59(8-11), pp. 617–626.
Lorenz, R. D.; Niemann, H. B.; Harpold, D. N.; Way, S. H. and Zarnecki, J. C. (2006). Titan's damp ground: Constraints on Titan surface thermal properties from the temperature evolution of the Huygens GCMS inlet. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 41(11), pp. 1705–1714.
Stalport, Fabien; Coll, Patrice; Cabane, Michel; Person, Alain; Navarro Gonzalez, Rafael; Raulin, Francois; Vaulay, Marie Jo; Ausset, Patrick; McKay, Chris P.; Szopa, Cyril and Zarnecki, John (2005). Search for past life on Mars: Physical and chemical characterization of minerals of biotic and abiotic origin: part 1 - Calcite. Geophysical Research Letters, 32 L23205.
Fulchignoni, M.; Ferri, F.; Angrilli, F.; Ball, A.J.; Bar-Nun, A.; Barucci, M.A.; Bettanini, C.; Bianchini, G.; Borucki, W.; Colombatti, G.; Coradini, M.; Coustenis, A.; Debei, S.; Falkner, P.; Fanti, G.; Flamini, E.; Gaborit, V.; Grard, R.; Hamelin, M.; Harri, A.M.; Hathi, B.; Jernej, I.; Leese, M.R.; Lehto, A.; Lion Stoppato, P.F.; López-Moreno, J.J.; Mäkinen, T.; McDonnell, J.A.M.; McKay, C.P.; Molina-Cuberos, G.; Neubauer, F.M.; Pirronello, V.; Rodrigo, R.; Saggin, B.; Schwingenschuh, K.; Sieff, A.; Simões, F.; Svedhem, H.; Tokano, T.; Towner, M.C.; Traunter, R.; Withers, P. and Zarnecki, J.C. (2005). In situ measurements of the physical characteristics of Titan's environment. Nature, 438(7069), pp. 785–791.
Zarnecki, John; Leese, Mark; Hathi, Brijen; Ball, Andrew; Hagermann, Axel; Towner, Martin; Lorenz, R. D.; McDonnell, James; Green, Simon F.; Patel, Manish; Ringrose, Tim; Rosenberg, Philip; Atkinson, K; Paton, M. D.; Banaszkiewicz, M.; Clark, B. C.; Ferri, F.; Fulchignoni, M; Ghafoor, N. A. L.; Kargl, G.; Svedhem, H.; Delderfield, J.; Grande, M.; Parker, D. J.; Challenor, P. G. and Geake, J. E. (2005). A soft solid surface on Titan as revealed by the Huygens Surface Science Package. Nature, 438(7069), pp. 792–795.
Hagermann, Axel and Zarnecki, John (2005). Speed of sound in nitrogen as a function of temperature and pressure. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 118(3), pp. 1272–1273.
Hagermann, A.; Zarnecki, J.C.; Towner, M.C.; Rosenberg, P.D.; Lorenz, M.C.; Leese, R.D.; Hathi, B. and Ball, A.J. (2005). Physical properties as indicators of liquid compositions: derivation of the composition for Titan's surface liquids from the Huygens SSP measurements. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 359(2), pp. 637–642.
Towner, M.C.; Patel, M.R.; Ringrose, T.J.; Zarnecki, J.C.; Pullan, D.; Sims, M.R.; Haapanala, S.; Harri, A-.M.; Polkko, J.; Wilson, C.F.; Zent, A.P.; Quinn, R.C.; Grunthaner, F.J.; Hecht, M.H. and Garry, J.R.C. (2004). The Beagle 2 environmental sensors: science goals and instrument description. Planetary and Space Science, 52(13), pp. 1141–1156.
Fulchignoni, M.; Aboudan, A.; Angrilli, F.; Antonello, M.; Bastianello, S.; Bettanini, C.; Bianchini, G.; Colombatti, G.; Ferri, F.; Flamini, E.; Gaborit, V.; Ghafoor, N.; Hathi, B.; Harri, A.-M.; Lehto, A.; Lion Stoppato, P.F.; Patel, M.R. and Zarnecki, J.C. (2004). A stratospheric balloon experiment to test the Huygens atmospheric structure instrument (HASI). Planetary and Space Science, 52(9), pp. 867–880.
Patel, Manish; Christou, A.A.; Cockell, Charles; Ringrose, Tim and Zarnecki, John (2004). The UV environment of the Beagle 2 landing site: detailed investigations and detection of atmospheric state. Icarus, 168(1), pp. 93–115.
Patel, Manish; Berces, A.; Kerekgyarto, T.; Ronto, G.; Lammer, H. and Zarnecki, John (2004). Annual solar UV exposure and biological effective dose rates on the Martian surface. Advances in Space Research, 33(8), pp. 1247–1252.
Ringrose, T.J.; Towner, M.C. and Zarnecki, J.C. (2003). Convective vortices on Mars: a reanalysis of Viking Lander 2 meteorological data, sols 1–60. Icarus, 163(1), pp. 78–87.
Patel, M. R.; Bérces, A.; Kolb, C.; Lammer, H.; Rettberg, P.; Zarnecki, J. C. and Selsis, F. (2003). Seasonal and diurnal variations in Martian surface ultraviolet irradiation: biological and chemical implications for the Martian regolith. International Journal of Astrobiology, 2(1), pp. 21–34.
Muller, Michael; McBride, Neil; Green, Simon F. and Zarnecki, John C. (2003). Prediction of the 2001 Leonid activity and an assessment of the spacecraft impact hazard. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 361(1802), pp. 175–179.
Withers, Paul; Towner, M.C.; Hathi, B. and Zarnecki, J.C. (2003). Analysis of entry accelerometer data: A case study of Mars Pathfinder. Planetary and Space Science, 51(9-10), pp. 541–561.
Ellery, A.; Barnes, D.; Buckland, R.; Welch, C.; Garry, J.; Zarnecki, J.; Gebbie, J.; Green, A.; Smith, M.; Hall, D.; McInnes, C.; Winfield, A.; Nehmzow, U. and Ball, A. (2003). The UK space and planetary robotics network. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 56(9-10), pp. 328–337.
Patel, M.R.; Zarnecki, J.C. and Catling, D.C. (2002). Ultraviolet radiation on the surface of Mars and the Beagle 2 UV sensor. Planetary and Space Science, 50(9), pp. 915–927.
Fulchignoni, M.; Ferri, F.; Angrilli, F.; Bar-Nun, A.; Barucci, M.A.; Bianchini, G.; Borucki, W.; Coradini, M.; Coustenis, A.; Falkner, P.; Flamini, E.; Grard, R.; Hamelin, M.; Harri, A.M.; Leppelmeier, G.W.; Lopez-Moreno, J.J.; McDonnell, J.A.M.; McKay, C.P.; Neubauer, F.H.; Pedersen, A.; Picardi, G.; Pirronello, V.; Rodrigo, R.; Schwingenschuh, K.; Seiff, A.; Svedhem, H.; Vanzani, V. and Zarnecki, J. (2002). The characterisation of Titan's atmospheric physical properties by the Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI). Space Science Reviews, 104(1-4), pp. 395–431.
Müller, M.; Green, S.F.; McBride, Neil; Koschny, D.; Zarnecki, J.C. and Bentley, M.S. (2002). Estimation of the dust flux near Mercury. Planetary and Space Science, 50(10-11), pp. 1101–1115.
Zarnecki, J.C.; Leese, M.R.; Garry, J.R.C.; Ghafoor, N. and Hathi, B. (2002). Huygens' surface science package. Space Science Reviews, 104(1-2), pp. 593–611.
Lopez-Moreno, J. J.; Molina-Cuberos, G. J.; Hamelin, M.; Brown, V. J. G.; Ferri, F.; Grard, R.; Jernej, I.; Jeronimo, J. M.; Leppelmeier, G. W.; Makinen, T.; Rodrigo, R.; Sabau, L.; Schwingenschuh, K.; Svedhem, H.; Zarnecki, J. and Fulchignoni, M. (2002). The Comas sola mission to test the HUYGENS/HASI instrument on board a stratospheric balloon. Advances in Space Research, 30(5), pp. 1359–1364.
Grun, E.; Hanner, M. S.; Peschke, S, B.; Muller, T.; Boehnhardt, H.; Brooke, T. Y.; Campins, H.; Crovisier, J.; Delahodde, C.; Heinrichsen, I.; Keller, H. U.; Knack, R. F.; Kruger, H.; Lamy, P.; Leinert, C.; Lemke, D.; Lisse, C. M.; Muller, M.; Osip, D. J.; Solc, M.; Stickel, M.; Sykes, M.; Vanysek, V. and Zarnecki, John (2001). Broadband infrared photometry of comet Hale-Bopp with ISOPHOT. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 377(3), pp. 1098–1118.
Ball, Andrew; Gadomski, S.; Banaszkiewicz, M.; Spohn, T.; Ahrens, T. J.; Whyndham, M. and Zarnecki, John (2001). An instrument for in situ comet nucleus surface density profile measurement by gamma ray attenuation. Planetary And Space Science, 49(9), pp. 961–976.
Burchell, M. J.; Shrine, N. R. G.; Mann, J.; Bunch, A. W.; Brandao, P.; Zarnecki, J. and Galloway, J. A. (2001). Laboratory investigations of the survivability of bacteria in hypervelocity impacts. Advances in Space Research, 28(4), pp. 707–712.

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last updated 06-Mar-2013